The dental caries is a disease characterized by infectious destruction of the hard tissues of the tooth; the dental chemical destruction is associated with the intake of sugars and acids in foods and beverages. The dental caries is also associated with errors in the techniques of hygiene and inadequate toothpastes , lack of tooth brushing , no flossing as well as a genetic etiology is still studying the influence of the pH of saliva in relation to caries (heredity plays an important role in the susceptibility of teeth to dental caries).
While the decay dental usually more common in children, adults are also at risk for it.
The types of cavities include:
Crown Caries: Are the most common, occur in both children and adults, and usually on the chewing surfaces or between the teeth.
Root Caries: As we age, our gums recede, exposing parts of the tooth root. As the roots are not covered by enamel, these exposed areas easily affected and cavities occur.
Recurrent caries: can form around existing fillings and crowns. It happens because these areas tend to accumulate plaque, which ultimately leads to the formation of cavities.
The adults are particularly at risk of developing cavities if they suffer from dental dry mouth, which is a disorder, caused by a lack of saliva due to some diseases, the use of some medications, and treatments of radiation and chemotherapy.
The decay can be severe dental because if left untreated, can destroy your tooth and kill the delicate nerves at its center, which can cause an abscess (an infection in the root end). Once formed an abscess, the only treatment is root canal or tooth extraction tooth extraction.
How do I know if I have tooth decay?
Only a dentist can determine for sure if you have a cavity dental. This is because cavities develop below the tooth surface, where they cannot see. When you eat foods containing carbohydrates (sugars and starches), the bacteria in plaque produce acids consume and to destroy the tooth. Over time, the enamel starts to be demineralized and thus forms a tooth cavity.
The decay tooth is more likely to develop in the pits of chewing surfaces of back teeth, between teeth and near the gum. However, regardless of where they appear, the best way to locate and treat them before they become serious is to visit your dentist and undergo regular inspections or reviews.
At what age is most common?
The older a child, the more likely you are to present dental caries. However, the temporary or milk teeth can develop a type of particularly extensive dental caries, affecting nearly all incisors and usually seen in infants fed long bottle or pacifier dipped in honey or sugar.