What is temporomandibular disorder (TMJ)

What is TMJ?

The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is the hinge that connects the upper and lower jaw. When this joint has problems or does not work correctly say that there are alterations in the ATM.

This hinge is one of the most complex joints in the body, is responsible for moving the lower jaw forward, back and both sides. All problems that impede the normal work of this complex system of muscles, ligaments, discs and bones, are grouped under the name of TMJ. Often, TMJ clinically like your jaw is popping, cliquier or “jam” for a few seconds. Often, it is impossible to determine the exact cause of this misalignment.

What are the symptoms of TMJ?

Alterations in ATM exhibit various symptoms and signs. It is difficult to know if one suffers from TMJ disorders or not, because its symptoms are also indicators of other problems. Your dentist will make a proper diagnosis by taking a complete medical and dental history, clinical examination and taking appropriate radiography. Symptoms of impaired ATM most common are:

  • Headaches (often mimicking migraines), earaches, and pain and pressure behind the eyes.
  • A click-to open or close the mouth.
  • Pain brought on by yawning, opening the mouth widely or chewing
  • Jaws that “get stuck,” lock or go out of the place.
  • Tenderness of the jaw muscles.
  • A sudden change in the way the upper and lower teeth fit each other.

How is TMJ treated?

While there is no one single cure for TMJ, there are different treatments that reduce symptoms continue significantly. Your dentist may recommend one or more of the following suggestions:

  • Trying to eliminate muscle spasm and pain by applying moist heat or taking aspirin or other pain relievers or counter anti-inflammatory.
  • Use a bite plate to reduce the harmful effects of clenching and chinaware. Tailor-made for your mouth, plaque is placed on the upper teeth and keeps them from grinding the upper teeth against the lower.
  • Learn relaxation techniques to help control muscle tension in the jaw. Your dentist may suggest consultation with a specialist to eliminate stress.
  • When the jaw joints are affected and other treatments have failed to resolve the conflict, surgery is recommended.

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