It is becoming more common to see an adult with orthodontic appliances, because the issue of age is no longer a problem to have a perfect smile, currently it is not possible to determine a maximum age to perform an orthodontic treatment.
In his opinion, “the increase in the survival of the population and the greater aesthetic requirements, together with the development of new materials that make orthodontic treatments shorter, less invasive and less traumatic, are reasons that have influenced this.”
What would be the advantages of its use?
The specialist mentions among the main benefits, bringing the teeth to an ideal position or as close as possible improving the masticatory function and increasing the physiological life of the teeth; at the same time that a periodontal, aesthetic, functional and facial result is obtained, optimal.
Regarding the types of devices, explains that there are removable devices (plates, activators) and fixed devices. That is to say the traditional ones, which go on the external face of the tooth (vestibular) that is seen, and the lingual ones that go on the internal side of the tooth (lingual) and that are not seen. Depending on the type of material they can be metallic or ceramic.
The type of appliance to be used is determined by the orthodontist, according to the malocclusion of the patient, that is, the problem with the teeth. “For example if the person has very abraded (worn) are not recommended lingual brackets, and if you have to make many movements in the body (of the tooth) cannot use a removable device. Some things can be conversable, such as material and, maybe, the location. ”
Regarding the issue of how long an adult should use these devices, the dentist emphasizes that it depends on the problem and that if for a child the treatment lasts 24 months, for an adult it is necessary to consider three years.
Currently, the lingual techniques are very used, because they are extremely aesthetic, totally invisible, since they are made by the internal face of the teeth.
“But it is also more laborious, since the internal face of the teeth is very irregular and variable from patient to patient, it involves more laboratory stages and all this generates a higher cost of the technique. Important aesthetic demands “.
Among the main disadvantages of using appliances in adults are the aesthetics of wearing metal or ceramic brackets that are noticed; some discomfort or discomfort due to its use; the costs of the treatment and a greater difficulty of hygiene. If the patient has periodontal diseases, it can be a limitation for the use of fixed appliances.