What is orthodontics

Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry that deals mainly that the teeth are aligned correctly and that the occlusion is adequate. Among its functions are also the guiding tooth eruption and to control the development of the jaws.

It is not simply to have a nice smile. The fact that our teeth are in the correct position contributes to our health more benefits than you think and go beyond aesthetics.

For example, studies show that a large part of a condition that presents in adulthood mouth are derived from an incorrect occlusion and therefore could have been prevented with orthodontic treatment.

In short, the objectives of orthodontic treatment can be summarized into three:

  • Proper dental occlusion and good oral function.
  • Improved aesthetics of the smile.
  • Benefit oral health.

What is plaque

It is a colorless, sticky film composed of proteins in saliva that constantly adhere to our teeth and gums, which are gradually adhering bacteria and sugars. It is the main cause of cavities and gum disease, and can harden, calcified into tartar if not removed daily.

How do I know if I have motherboard?

Everyone plaque because bacteria are constantly being formed in our mouth. To grow and develop, the bacteria use ingredients found in our diet and saliva. The plaque develops cavities when the acids, they attack and destroy the teeth. The repeated acid attacks tooth enamel and cause cavities. Also, if plaque is not removed properly irritate the gums around the teeth and leads to gingivitis (bleeding gums, swollen and red), periodontal disease (disease of the tissues supporting the teeth) and even loss of teeth Dental.

How to prevent the formation of plaque?

With proper care, it is easy to prevent plaque formation. It is important to observe the following precautions:

  • Brush carefully at least twice a day, to remove the plaque attached to the teeth surface.
  • Floss daily to remove plaque from between teeth and under the gumline where a toothbrush cannot reach.
  • Limit sugary or starchy foods, especially sticky foods.
  • Set a schedule for regular dental visits for professional cleanings and dental exams.

What are cavities?

Tooth decay is the destruction of the hard tissues of the teeth. It is caused by the presence of acid produced by bacteria of the plaque deposited on the tooth surfaces. This tooth decay is heavily influenced by lifestyle, ie, influences what we eat, how we take care of the teeth (our hygiene habits), the presence of fluoride in water and toothpaste we use . Heredity also plays a role in the susceptibility of your teeth to decay. While cavities are generally more common in children, adults are also at risk for it. The types of cavities include:

  • Crown Caries: Are the most common, occurs in both children and adults, and usually develop on the chewing surfaces or between the teeth.
  • Root Caries: In cases where the gums recede parts are exposed tooth root. As the roots are not covered by enamel, these exposed areas easily affected and root caries appear that are difficult to treat.
  • Recurrent Caries: In patients with a tendency to accumulate plaque and good hygiene fail, they can form new decay around existing fillings and crowns.

The adults are particularly at risk for cavities if they suffer from dry mouth, which is a disorder caused by a lack of saliva. This is because some diseases, the use of some drugs, and radiation treatments and chemotherapy. Dry mouth can be temporary or permanent, depending on its origin. Cavities can be serious and if left untreated, can destroy the tooth affecting the nerves inside, which can cause an abscess (an infection in the root end). Once formed an abscess, the only treatment is endodontics (also called root canal treatment) or tooth extraction.

How do I know if I have a cavity?

Only your dentist can tell for sure if you have a cavity. This is because cavities develop below the surface of the tooth where the top cannot see them. When we eat foods containing carbohydrates (sugars and starches), the bacteria in plaque produce acids consume and to destroy the tooth. Over time, the tooth enamel begins to demineralized and thus a cavity is formed.

Cavities are more likely to develop in pits on the chewing surfaces of back teeth, between teeth and near the gum. However, regardless of where they appear, the best way to locate and treat them before they become serious is visiting the dentist and undergo periodic inspections or reviews.

How I can help prevent cavities?

  • Brush your teeth at least twice a day and floss daily to remove plaque from between teeth and under the gumline.
  • Undergo regular dental checkups. Preventive care helps prevent problems from occurring and keep minor problems from becoming major.
  • Eat a balanced diet that limits starchy or sugary foods. When you eat these foods, try to do it with a meal rather than between meals to minimize the number of times exposes your teeth to acid-producing bacteria.
  • Use dental products that contain fluoride.

What is plaque and how it arises

Do know that good oral health can prevent various diseases in the body? Studies from Harvard University and other research reveal that in the mouth inhabit diverse communities of bacteria, viruses and other microorganisms. The balance between beneficial microbes to the pathogenic organism varies according to the state of health of the person.

Good oral hygiene helps to control the growth of these bacteria and helps reduce the risk of them passing into the bloodstream and affect other parts of the body, thus increasing the risk of cardiovascular disease, among others.

For this reason, it is extremely important to maintain excellent oral care to maintain overall health.

We start with the basics, one of the main enemies of our oral health is dental plaque, so we should remove to prevent caries, among other dental problems.

According to several reports from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention of the United States (CDC), more than 19% of American children between two and nineteen years of age have untreated cavities.

The plate is a transparent layer of bacteria that forms on the surface of the teeth, between them and in the gums. Is formed very quickly because bacteria are constantly in our mouth and use waste from our diet and saliva to grow and develop.

Good oral hygiene is the solution to prevent their formation and greater problems in the medium and long term.

We should note that the plaque is not removed with just water and that good oral hygiene habits keep us free from it preventing tooth decay and other oral problems.

Here are several basic care to have excellent oral health.

  1. Brush your teeth three times a day or after every meal.
  2. Make sure that you use toothpaste containing fluoride.
  3. Thread or floss used after eating food.
  4. We strongly recommend the use of mouthwash two or three times a day after each brushing.
  5. Visit your dentist regularly. The frequency will depend on the individual needs of each person.
  6. Try to eat foods and beverages low in sugar

What is tartar? How is generated and ways to avoid

Tartar or calculus is hardened plaque on the teeth surface, distinguished by their yellow or brown.

Tartar buildup varies depending on the person, their eating habits and routine oral care it takes. It is believed that this accumulation increases with age and is considered one of the causes of bad breath. Not prevent the formation of plaque causes gum irritation, which is the following step gum problems. Also, if this problem is not treated can trigger tooth loss.

How is it generated?

After eating, food residues remain in the mouth (especially those rich in carbohydrates that adhere more easily to enamel) with millions of bacteria, forming plaque. And when we fail to remove in time, it hardens creating tartar or calculus. Brushing alone does not eliminate it and that is why we opt for a professional cleaning.

How to avoid it?

The most effective way to prevent tartar buildup is removing plaque. It is ideal brushing three times daily, or as directed by the dentist, using a toothpaste with antibacterial agents that help prevent buildup and flossing after every meal.

Do not forget to visit your dentist at least twice a year, and once formed tartar can only be removed through a professional cleaning.

What is temporomandibular disorder (TMJ)

What is TMJ?

The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is the hinge that connects the upper and lower jaw. When this joint has problems or does not work correctly say that there are alterations in the ATM.

This hinge is one of the most complex joints in the body, is responsible for moving the lower jaw forward, back and both sides. All problems that impede the normal work of this complex system of muscles, ligaments, discs and bones, are grouped under the name of TMJ. Often, TMJ clinically like your jaw is popping, cliquier or “jam” for a few seconds. Often, it is impossible to determine the exact cause of this misalignment.

What are the symptoms of TMJ?

Alterations in ATM exhibit various symptoms and signs. It is difficult to know if one suffers from TMJ disorders or not, because its symptoms are also indicators of other problems. Your dentist will make a proper diagnosis by taking a complete medical and dental history, clinical examination and taking appropriate radiography. Symptoms of impaired ATM most common are:

  • Headaches (often mimicking migraines), earaches, and pain and pressure behind the eyes.
  • A click-to open or close the mouth.
  • Pain brought on by yawning, opening the mouth widely or chewing
  • Jaws that “get stuck,” lock or go out of the place.
  • Tenderness of the jaw muscles.
  • A sudden change in the way the upper and lower teeth fit each other.

How is TMJ treated?

While there is no one single cure for TMJ, there are different treatments that reduce symptoms continue significantly. Your dentist may recommend one or more of the following suggestions:

  • Trying to eliminate muscle spasm and pain by applying moist heat or taking aspirin or other pain relievers or counter anti-inflammatory.
  • Use a bite plate to reduce the harmful effects of clenching and chinaware. Tailor-made for your mouth, plaque is placed on the upper teeth and keeps them from grinding the upper teeth against the lower.
  • Learn relaxation techniques to help control muscle tension in the jaw. Your dentist may suggest consultation with a specialist to eliminate stress.
  • When the jaw joints are affected and other treatments have failed to resolve the conflict, surgery is recommended.

What is tooth sensitivity?

“It’s a short, sharp, transient pain, which comes from the exposed dentin; that occurs in response to thermal, tactile, chemical or osmotic “stimuli.

The dentin is exposed either by wear of tooth surface or gum tissue and root exposure. How are you roots are not covered by enamel, thousands of tiny tubules that go to the tooth’s nerve center (pulp) are exposed. When heat, cold or pressure touches these channels, you feel pain.

Ignoring your sensitive teeth can lead to other oral problems (e.g., toothbrushing worse and therefore increased cavities and gum disease).

How do I know if I have sensitive teeth?

If you ever felt a painful sensation in your teeth after eating or drinking hot or cold foods or drinks, that means you have had sensitive teeth. This is usually a common situation as one in four adults in the United States suffer from this condition often comes and goes at different times of life.

How to treat sensitive teeth?

First and most important is that you discuss with your dentist or hygienist. Sensitive teeth can usually be treated successfully. Your dentist will prescribe a gel or a fluoride rinse. Try using toothpastes specially formulated for sensitive teeth. Ask your dentist for sensitive teeth which product is right for you.

Be sure to brush your teeth properly, because otherwise you can wear away, making them more sensitive. An Overzealous brushing, an ill-fitting partial dentures, orthodontic treatment may cause tooth abrasion.

When dental fillings fail

The arrangement of a caries usually means getting a filling, but sometimes they break, fall or do not stop the decay, therefore a recent study focused on the reasons why the fillings are more likely to fail.

Researchers of Research Network collected data from 226 dentists who placed 6,218 landfills in 3,855 patients, of whom about a third were amalgams, which contain amixture of metals. The other two thirds were of composite resin or hard plastic tooth color.

Over a period of two years, 386 of these fillings failed, which resulted in 6 percent of respondents. The reasons for failure were:

  • Fill-cracking or breaking
  • Stuffed who fell
  • The edges of the filling eroded or decomposed
  • The tooth requiring treatment of root canal or extraction
  • Toothache or tenderness

The study also found that the material used in the filling not made ​​a difference, since neither amalgam fillings nor resin fillings had a higher propensity to fail. Previous studies have shown failure rates for both types of filler ranged between 4 and 6 percent.

The study found other things that increase the risk of failure for a fill:

  • The failure was twice as common in people over 65 years of age, compared with children.
  • The failure rates were higher for fillings placed in the back teeth, placed on the front teeth.
  • The failure was almost 5 times more common for fillings covering 4 tooth surfaces compared with stuffed covering only 1 surface. Given that larger landfills cover more surface and this increases the risk of cracks, breaks or other problems.

When the shape of our teeth we dislike

It is very common that our teeth do not have a way we want, but we can change this condition with a choice of several dental procedures to improve the aesthetics, so it is important to know to make the best decision on our teeth.

Among the procedures to change the shape or appearance of our teeth while maintaining correct functionality are the following:

  • Dental bonding: in this procedure professional apply a resin tooth-colored on the surface of the tooth , which will harden with a special light that bonds the material to the tooth, and can also improve the aesthetics, bridging the gaps between teeth , repair small details and smooth the rough edges.
  • The dental crowns: teeth are shaped ” cap “that is placed over the tooth cementing in place, thus enclosing the entire visible part of the tooth and can be combined with porcelain or metal. This treatment restores  natural tooth form, contour and appearance.
  • The veneers: This very thin covers made ​​of the color of teeth, with materials such as porcelain or the resin, being attached to the front  surface of the teeth, whereby an optimum aesthetic effect is achieved  and at present are very popular, since results are very satisfactory.
  • Remodeling or restructuring, this dental procedure removes small  amounts of enamel of the teeth, with the goal of changing the length,  shape or surface of teeth to improve their appearance while respecting  its correct functionality.

What is tooth sensitivity

If you experience a feeling of discomfort or pain when you eat sweets or drinks, hot or cold foods, you could be suffering from sensitive teeth.

Did you know that one in four adults in the United States suffers from this evil?

All healthy tooth has a fabric, comprising tubular channels, called dentine. This tissue is protected from the gum line up by a layer of enamel and gum line down a layer called cementum, which are responsible for safeguarding the crown and root of the tooth respectively.

When the dentin is exposed by receding gums, tooth decay, worn seals, enamel demineralization or because the tooth is fractured, microscopic holes (called tubules) connected with the nerve, causing pain upon contact with certain foods and drinks.

Tooth sensitivity can become a constant pain generator that keeps you from performing daily activities such as eating, drinking and brushing your teeth normally.

Using a toothbrush with very hard bristles or brush too hard fact, are the most common causes of this condition, which over time can cause gingival recession (gum recession), which in turn causes exposure of the tooth root.

The consumption of acidic foods and drinks regularly can also cause demineralization of tooth enamel and increase the possibility of sensitivity.

Good oral hygiene, coupled with a good brushing technique and a low-acid diet, are key to preventing pain caused by sensitive teeth.

Tooth sensitivity should be treated and treatment depends on what is causing it. Your dentist may suggest a technique for properly brushing your teeth and tongue, as well as various products and procedures to correct the problem.

Widely spaced teeth, possible causes

When the teeth are widely spaced may represent a temporary condition while carrying out the development of permanent teeth, although this condition can also occur as a result of various diseases or steady growth of mandible.

Of course aesthetically when talking about an ideal smile, the teeth should only be touched or be far apart, or stacked, which is another aspect to the contrary above, where the misalignment runs overlapping or crooked teeth. For people who have the teeth too separated from each other is a phenomenon that can occur when the jaw grows too quickly, leaving more space than needed for natural eruption of each piece.

A wide spacing between teeth besides impact the oral aesthetics , can catch as many food particles after meals and these translate into the food of bacteria generating various oral diseases when oral hygiene is poor.

For these cases there orthodontic treatment system as Invisalign that has become a popular option for patients who do not want to use unattractive metal appliances during orthodontic treatment , since in this method reposition teeth using a series of Removable trays and transparent plastic.

Causes could determine a wide interdental spacing:

  • Acromegaly
  • Syndrome Ellis-van Creveld
  • Some kind of injury
  • Morquio Syndrome

Spacing temporarily while the normal development occurs Periodontitis-

  • Sanfilippo Syndrome
  • Displacement caused by the lack of teeth

Diagnostic tests that may be done are usually; the normal, facial or cranial dental radiographs.