It is a colorless, sticky film composed of proteins in saliva that constantly adhere to our teeth and gums, which are gradually adhering bacteria and sugars. It is the main cause of cavities and gum disease, and can harden, calcified into tartar if not removed daily.
How do I know if I have motherboard?
Everyone plaque because bacteria are constantly being formed in our mouth. To grow and develop, the bacteria use ingredients found in our diet and saliva. The plaque develops cavities when the acids, they attack and destroy the teeth. The repeated acid attacks tooth enamel and cause cavities. Also, if plaque is not removed properly irritate the gums around the teeth and leads to gingivitis (bleeding gums, swollen and red), periodontal disease (disease of the tissues supporting the teeth) and even loss of teeth Dental.
How to prevent the formation of plaque?
With proper care, it is easy to prevent plaque formation. It is important to observe the following precautions:
- Brush carefully at least twice a day, to remove the plaque attached to the teeth surface.
- Floss daily to remove plaque from between teeth and under the gumline where a toothbrush cannot reach.
- Limit sugary or starchy foods, especially sticky foods.
- Set a schedule for regular dental visits for professional cleanings and dental exams.
What are cavities?
Tooth decay is the destruction of the hard tissues of the teeth. It is caused by the presence of acid produced by bacteria of the plaque deposited on the tooth surfaces. This tooth decay is heavily influenced by lifestyle, ie, influences what we eat, how we take care of the teeth (our hygiene habits), the presence of fluoride in water and toothpaste we use . Heredity also plays a role in the susceptibility of your teeth to decay. While cavities are generally more common in children, adults are also at risk for it. The types of cavities include:
- Crown Caries: Are the most common, occurs in both children and adults, and usually develop on the chewing surfaces or between the teeth.
- Root Caries: In cases where the gums recede parts are exposed tooth root. As the roots are not covered by enamel, these exposed areas easily affected and root caries appear that are difficult to treat.
- Recurrent Caries: In patients with a tendency to accumulate plaque and good hygiene fail, they can form new decay around existing fillings and crowns.
The adults are particularly at risk for cavities if they suffer from dry mouth, which is a disorder caused by a lack of saliva. This is because some diseases, the use of some drugs, and radiation treatments and chemotherapy. Dry mouth can be temporary or permanent, depending on its origin. Cavities can be serious and if left untreated, can destroy the tooth affecting the nerves inside, which can cause an abscess (an infection in the root end). Once formed an abscess, the only treatment is endodontics (also called root canal treatment) or tooth extraction.
How do I know if I have a cavity?
Only your dentist can tell for sure if you have a cavity. This is because cavities develop below the surface of the tooth where the top cannot see them. When we eat foods containing carbohydrates (sugars and starches), the bacteria in plaque produce acids consume and to destroy the tooth. Over time, the tooth enamel begins to demineralized and thus a cavity is formed.
Cavities are more likely to develop in pits on the chewing surfaces of back teeth, between teeth and near the gum. However, regardless of where they appear, the best way to locate and treat them before they become serious is visiting the dentist and undergo periodic inspections or reviews.
How I can help prevent cavities?
- Brush your teeth at least twice a day and floss daily to remove plaque from between teeth and under the gumline.
- Undergo regular dental checkups. Preventive care helps prevent problems from occurring and keep minor problems from becoming major.
- Eat a balanced diet that limits starchy or sugary foods. When you eat these foods, try to do it with a meal rather than between meals to minimize the number of times exposes your teeth to acid-producing bacteria.
- Use dental products that contain fluoride.