What happens during a dental visit

It is important that you find a dentist with whom you feel comfortable and at ease; when that happens, you will need to schedule a check before presenting problems in your mouth.

In the first visit, the dentist will perform a complete medical history. If your health status changes, you must notify the following query.

Ideally dental practices were just routine checkups. Revisions regularly recommended every 6 months and will be to maintain the cleanliness of the teeth, prolong the good condition of them and prevent the development of painful problems.

  • A Complete Cleaning

As mentioned, the reviews always include a thorough cleaning, for which special instruments hygienist will scrape the area is below the gum are used, remove plaque and tartar that cause cumulative gum disease and tissues supporting the teeth, tooth decay, bad breath and other problems.

  • A thorough examination

The dentist will perform a thorough examination of your teeth, gums and mouth, looking for signs of disease or other problems. The aim will be to help you maintain good oral health and prevent problems progress, identifying and treating them early.

  • Radiographs

Depending on your age, sickness and symptoms, your dentist will recommend a series of x-rays, as they can diagnose problems that would otherwise go unnoticed, such as impacted teeth, abscesses, cysts or tumors, and decay between the teeth. A modern dental office uses machines that emit almost no radiation (no more than you would get to spend a day in the sun or a weekend watching TV). As a precaution, always use a lead apron to take radiographs. If pregnant patients should always inform your dentist so that he determined taking radiographs only in emergency situations.

Your dentist may indicate a panoramic radiograph. This type of imaging provides a complete view of the upper and lower jaws in a single table, which provides basic data on the state of the teeth and helps to understand your bite and the relationship between the upper and lower jaws on one view, and in turn help you understand your bite and the relationship between teeth and bow.

How often should I see the dentist?

If your teeth and gums are healthy, you probably do not need to return for 6 months. If you require treatment (eg sealing a cavity, remove a wisdom tooth or repair a broken crown), should make an appointment before leaving the office. Be sure to ask your dentist about any questions you have: this is your chance to get all the answers you need. In any case, it is advisable to go to your dentist at least 1 time per year.

What is a cleft lip and or palate

A cleft lip occurs when a fissure in the upper lip is observed. In the United States, one of every 700 babies suffers from this condition. As in the case of cleft palate; this happens because during pregnancy, the two sides of the face fail to join properly. While no one knows exactly why this crack occurs, there are families who tend to be more susceptible. Some probable causes are: hormonal imbalances, nutritional deficiencies and certain drugs used during pregnancy.

A cleft palate occurs when there is a direct crack in the middle of the palate (or roof of the mouth) and the floor of the nose. In pregnancy, the baby’s upper jaw does not close as it should and is a separation. Cleft palate is a more serious condition that cleft lip, although both require surgery to be corrected.

The child with cleft lip and / or cleft palate faces some difficulties in food, breathing, expressive and psychological type. To correct the condition, it is necessary to work with a team with a plastic surgeon, max illogical surgeon, paleontologist (ear, nose and ears), general dentist, orthodontist and oral surgeon.

How do I know if my baby has a cleft lip or palate?

The doctor who delivered the baby will tell you immediately if your baby has a cleft lip and / or palate. A cleft lip is identified at a glance. The cleft palate varies in size; on the roof of the mouth, can be found from a small crack to an opening large. Any of them will be visible immediately after birth. By feeding a baby with a cleft palate, it is possible that the liquid or food you eat is escaping through the nose, then it is recommended to use special bottles and take some care until the child is old enough to be operated.

How are the lips and / or cleft palate treated?

Surgically is easier to close a cleft lip repair a palate with the same condition. The procedure is performed at three or four months of birth and the scar usually disappears as the child grows.

In the case of a cleft palate, surgery is delayed until the child has one or two years so that the maxilla had already attained normal growth. When the damage is extensive, surgery is postponed until the child is between five and seven years to avoid structural problems. There are some cases where surgery is not possible or completely closes the opening. Therefore, such a prosthetic device, called shutter is constructed, and with it the opening to allow normal feeding covers.

The severity of the cleft palate determine the number of surgeries performed for long periods of time. The plastic surgeon and semiofficial corrective surgery done on his face while the general dentist, paleontologist and orthodontist do braces to correct the defects.

Its team of health professionals will provide guidance and encourage in difficult times, from birth to treatment. Today, the advances in surgical techniques and the development of braces help the outlook for children born with cleft lip and / or palate is excellent. As the child grows, they will be almost no signs of cleavage.

What is a Dental Implant

A tooth is divided into crown and root, the crown being visible white enamel covered part and the root is the part that extends from the jaw to the crown surface to hold.

So what is a dental implant? Artificial root is holding an artificial crown which aims to perform the function of the tooth.

What is a dental implant?

The function of the implant is to replace a missing tooth. Since the root part of the tooth that is replaced with the dental implant (the implant is screw-shaped and is made ​​of titanium) .

Dental implant parts

A dental implant is mainly divided into 3 parts which are:

  • The implant (Prepared mainly titanium)
  • The pillar (part that connects the implant crown or prosthesis)
  • The crown or prosthesis (visible part, which gives the appearance of natural tooth)

The 3 parts form a complete dental implant, the implant on the right is seen, a picture says a thousand words.

Dental implant material

Dental implants are made ​​primarily of titanium which is a bio-compatible material. Studies indicate that this material provides strength, durability and most importantly it contains a unique property that allows direct integration with the bone, known as osseointegration.

There are other materials with which dental implants are made, one of them is the zirconium, but this material was not yet investigated enough to be accepted into use.

Advantages of dental implants

Dental implants have many advantages, some of which include:

  • It looks like a natural tooth
  • They have endurance and strength
  • They are firmly placed
  • They can replace a removable prosthesis
  • Last for a lifetime if proper hygiene is given

Dental implant material

Dental implants are made ​​primarily of titanium which is a bio-compatible material. Studies indicate that this material provides strength, durability and most importantly it contains a unique property that allows direct integration with the bone, known as osseointegration.

There are other materials with which dental implants are made, one of them is the zirconium, but this material was not yet investigated enough to be accepted into use.

Advantages of dental implants

Dental implants have many advantages, some of which include:

  • It looks like a natural tooth
  • They have endurance and strength
  • They are firmly placed
  • They can replace a removable prosthesis
  • Last for a lifetime if proper hygiene is given

In short, dental implants are a very good option to replace a missing tooth, today many people use every day and that number increases.

It is important to know that the rate of success of dental implant is over 90%.

What is dry mouth

Dry mouth means you do not have enough saliva to keep the mouth in normal humidity levels. Everyone, at some time, have a dry mouth; especially if you’re nervous, upset or tense. However, if you have a dry mouth most of the time, it is very uncomfortable and can lead to more serious health problems or indicate the existence of a more serious medical condition. These conditions occur because the function of saliva is not only to keep the mouth moist: Saliva helps digest food, protects teeth from decay, prevents infection by controlling the population of bacteria in the mouth and chewing allows and swallowing.

There are several reasons why the glands that produce saliva, called salivary glands, might not be working properly. These reasons may be:

  • Side effects of some medications: over 400 medications can cause dry mouth. These include antihistamines, decongestants, analgesics, diuretics and medications for hypertension and specific for depression.
  • Diseases: there are diseases like diabetes, Hodgkin’s disease and Parkinson’s, AIDS, and Sjögren’s syndrome affecting the salivary glands and can cause dry mouth.
  • X-ray therapy: for cancer treatment with X-rays, the salivary glands can be damaged before the radiation of the head and neck. The loss of saliva can be total or partial, permanent or temporary
  • Chemotherapy drugs used in cancer treatment can thicken saliva and cause dry mouth.
  • Menopause: changes in hormone levels affect the salivary glands. Often, menopausal and post-menopausal women with a persistent feeling of dry mouth.
  • Smoking: a large number of smokers suffer from dry mouth.

How do I know if I have dry mouth?

Dry mouth all feel from time to time. If this feeling persists over time is indicative of problems in the production of saliva. Symptoms of dry mouth include:

  • Feeling dry and pasty mouth
  • Swallowing difficulties
  • Burning sensation on the tongue
  • Sensation of dryness in the throat
  • Dry lips and cracked
  • Reduced taste or permanent metallic taste in the mouth
  • Sores
  • Frequent bad breath
  • Difficulty chewing and talking

How is dry mouth?

The only way to cure dry mouth is to treat the causes. If dryness is due to certain medications, your doctor might change your prescription or dosage. If your salivary glands are not working properly but still produce some saliva, your doctor will prescribe a medicine that helps the glands work better. If the cause of the dryness cannot be eliminated, the moisture of the mouth can be retrieved from different anyway. Your dentist will recommend mouth moisturizers, such as saliva substitute. Mouthwashes specially formulated to provide relief from dry mouth. Also, consider these suggestions:

  • Sip water or sugarless drinks
  • Avoid drinks like coffee, tea or soda, which can cause dryness
  • Chew sugarless gum or hard candy to stimulate saliva flow (if there is some function of the salivary gland)
  • Do not smoke or drink alcohol because both produce dry mouth
  • Be aware that spicy or salty foods may cause pain in a dry mouth
  • At night, use room humidifiers

What is fluoride

It is a natural element found in the earth’s crust and is widely distributed in nature. Some food and water supplies contain fluoride.

Often, fluoride is added to drinking water as a reducing element cavities. In the early 30’s, researchers found that people who drank naturally fluoridated water showed a smaller number of cavities (two thirds) than those living in non-fluoridated water areas. Studies have repeatedly shown that if fluoride is added to the water tanks of the community, the number of cavities in the population decreases. The ADA (American Dental Association), the World Health Organization and the American Medical Association, among others, have recommended the use of fluoride in the water tanks because of its effect against caries.

How to fluoride works

Fluoride prevents against cavities in two ways:

  • It focuses on bones and developing teeth of children and strengthens tooth enamel babies and adults before they erupt.
  • Helps harden tooth enamel adults who have already erupted.

Work on demineralization and remineralizationprocesses that naturally occurs in the mouth.

  • A solution of calcium and phosphorus beneath the tooth surface after eating acids that cause demineralization occur.
  • At other times the exact opposite occurs, saliva helps replenish the calcium and phosphorus to maintain the strength of the teeth. This process is called remineralization. When fluoride is present in remineralization, the deposited minerals are harder and help strengthen your teeth and prevent solution that would occur in the next phase of demineralization.

How do I know if the level of fluoride ingested is enough?

If drinking water in your area is fluoridated, regular brushing with fluoridated toothpaste is enough for children and adults with healthy teeth and low susceptibility to caries.

If your water is not fluoridated community and does not have enough fluoride naturally (the optimal value is one part per million), your dentist or pediatrician prescribe fluoride tablets or drops for children to take daily. Your dentist can tell you the right amount of fluoride to your family, therefore, ask about it and he will advise you.

If your water comes from public deposits, call local authorities to find out if water is fluoridated. If it comes from a private well, call an independent company that provides water testing services and have it analyzed.

What is gingivitis? Signs and symptoms

What is gingivitis?

Gingivitis is inflammation of the gums. It involves the initial stage of gum disease and the easiest to treat. The direct cause of gingivitis is plaque bacteria (transparent, sticky film that constantly forms on the teeth and gums). If not removed daily plaque with brushing and flossing, the bacteria responsible for gingivitis accumulates. These bacteria produce toxins (poisons) that irritate the gum tissue, causing gingivitis.

At this early stage of the disease, the damage can be reversed, since the bone and connective tissue that hold teeth have not yet been affected. However, if left untreated, gingivitis can become periodontitis and cause permanent damage to your teeth and jaw.

How do I know if I have gingivitis?

Classic signs and symptoms of gingivitis include red, swollen, tender gums that may bleed when brushed.

When gingivitis progresses to periodontitis, the gums begin to recede and the teeth removed, giving them an elongated appearance. Then begin to form pockets between teeth and gums, plaque and more aggressive germs and food debris accumulates. Some people may experience recurring bad breath or bad taste even when the disease is not advanced.

How I can prevent gingivitis?

Proper oral hygiene is essential. Professional cleanings are also extremely important because once plaque hardens and accumulates, or become tartar, only a dentist or hygienist can remove it.

You can help stop gingivitis before it develops as follows:

  • Proper brushing and proper flossing to remove plaque, food debris and control tartar buildup
  • Eating right to ensure proper health of your jaw and teeth
  • Avoid snuff
  • Scheduling regular checkups with your dentist

What is good oral hygiene

Good oral hygiene provides a mouth with a healthy appearance and odor. This means that:

  • Your teeth are clean and no food waste
  • The gums have a pink and do not hurt or bleed while brushing or flossing
  • Bad breath is not a constant problem

If your gums hurt or bleed while brushing or flossing, or you are experiencing persistent bad breath, see your dentist. Any of these infections indicate a problem.

Your dentist or hygienist will help develop good oral hygiene techniques and teach you to identify areas that require extra attention during brushing and flossing.

How is practice good oral hygiene?

One of the most important things you can do for your teeth and gums is to maintain good oral hygiene. Healthy teeth not only provide a good look at him and make him feel good, but they allow you to speak and eat properly. Good oral health is important to your overall wellness.

Daily preventive care, including proper brushing and flossing, will help stop problems, and are less painful and less expensive than treatment for an infection that has been allowed to progress.

In between regular visits to the dentist, there are simple steps that each of us can take to greatly reduce the development of cavities, gum disease and other dental problems:

  • Brushing thoroughly and floss at least twice a day
  • Eat a balanced diet and limiting snacks between meals
  • Use dental products that contain fluoride
  • Use fluoride mouthwash if your dentist tells
  • Make sure that your children under 12 drink fluoridated water or if you live in a non-fluoridated water, fluoride supplements adminístreles: ask the Dentist

Proper brushing technique

  • Tilt the brush at a 45 ° angle against the gumline and slide the brush, unidirectionally toward the edge of the tooth: gum-tooth unidirectional movements in all external and internal surfaces of the teeth
  • Brush the chewing surface of each tooth using short back and forth movements and front to back.
  • Gently brush the tongue and inside the cheeks to remove bacteria and freshen breath.

Proper technique for flossing

  • Use about 45 cm (18 “) of floss, leaving 3 to 5 cm (1 to 2”) to work.
  • Gently follow the curves of your teeth. Each time you insert the thread into an interdental space, first apply it to the back surface of the anterior teeth and then to the anterior surface of the posterior teeth.
  • Be sure to clean under the gum line, but avoid snapping the floss against it.

 

What is gum disease

Gum disease is an inflammation that can progress to affect the bone that surrounds and supports the teeth. It is caused by bacteria in plaque (transparent, sticky film that constantly forms on the teeth and gums). If not removed daily brushing and flossing, plaque builds up and the bacteria infect not only your gums and teeth, but also the sub-gingival tissue and bone that support the teeth. This can be a cause teeth to become loose, fall out or finally the need to remove the dentist.

There are basically three stages of gum disease:

  • Gingivitis is the first stage of the disease. It is an inflammation of the gums caused by plaque buildup on the edge of it, which, not being eliminated by daily brushing and flossing, it produces toxins that irritate the gum tissue, causing gingivitis. It can be seen bleeding during brushing, flossing or even spontaneously. At this early stage of the disease, the damage can be reversed, since the bone and connective tissue that hold teeth in place are not yet affected.
  • Periodontitis: At this stage, the bone and fibers that hold teeth in place suffer irreversible damage. A bag is way below the gumline, where food and plaque get trapped. Proper dental treatment and care in the most careful home usually help prevent further damage.
  • Advanced Periodontitis: In this final stage of the disease, the fibers and bone supporting the teeth are destroyed, which makes the teeth to shift or loosen. The bite can be affected and, if appropriate treatment is not performed, may be that the dentist has to remove the teeth.

How do I know if I have gum disease?

Gum disease can occur at any age but is most common in adults. If detected in its early stages, it can be reversed or slow its development. See your dentist if you notice any of the following symptoms:

  • The gums are red, swollen or tender
  • There bleeding gums when brushing or flossing
  • The teeth appear to be longer because the gums have receded and are the roots
  • Changes in the way your teeth feel close to biting
  • There may be discharge of pus between teeth and gums
  • The presence of bad breath or bad taste is constantly perceived in the mouth

How is gum disease treated?

The early stages of the disease, professional hygiene and strict control board based on proper brushing and flossing control the problem. Good oral health will help prevent recurrence.

A professional cleaning done by a dentist or hygienist is the only way to remove plaque buildup that has hardened into tartar. Your dentist or hygienist will clean your teeth to remove tartar above and below the gum line. If your condition is more severe, you may perform a procedure for root planing. Root planning helps to eliminate irregularities in the tooth roots, preventing plaque deposition.

By scheduling regular reviews, the gum disease in its early stages can be treated before it becomes a more serious disorder. If the disease is already in an advanced state, a more complex need professional treatment.

What is orthodontics

Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry that deals mainly that the teeth are aligned correctly and that the occlusion is adequate. Among its functions are also the guiding tooth eruption and to control the development of the jaws.

It is not simply to have a nice smile. The fact that our teeth are in the correct position contributes to our health more benefits than you think and go beyond aesthetics.

For example, studies show that a large part of a condition that presents in adulthood mouth are derived from an incorrect occlusion and therefore could have been prevented with orthodontic treatment.

In short, the objectives of orthodontic treatment can be summarized into three:

  • Proper dental occlusion and good oral function.
  • Improved aesthetics of the smile.
  • Benefit oral health.

What is plaque

It is a colorless, sticky film composed of proteins in saliva that constantly adhere to our teeth and gums, which are gradually adhering bacteria and sugars. It is the main cause of cavities and gum disease, and can harden, calcified into tartar if not removed daily.

How do I know if I have motherboard?

Everyone plaque because bacteria are constantly being formed in our mouth. To grow and develop, the bacteria use ingredients found in our diet and saliva. The plaque develops cavities when the acids, they attack and destroy the teeth. The repeated acid attacks tooth enamel and cause cavities. Also, if plaque is not removed properly irritate the gums around the teeth and leads to gingivitis (bleeding gums, swollen and red), periodontal disease (disease of the tissues supporting the teeth) and even loss of teeth Dental.

How to prevent the formation of plaque?

With proper care, it is easy to prevent plaque formation. It is important to observe the following precautions:

  • Brush carefully at least twice a day, to remove the plaque attached to the teeth surface.
  • Floss daily to remove plaque from between teeth and under the gumline where a toothbrush cannot reach.
  • Limit sugary or starchy foods, especially sticky foods.
  • Set a schedule for regular dental visits for professional cleanings and dental exams.

What are cavities?

Tooth decay is the destruction of the hard tissues of the teeth. It is caused by the presence of acid produced by bacteria of the plaque deposited on the tooth surfaces. This tooth decay is heavily influenced by lifestyle, ie, influences what we eat, how we take care of the teeth (our hygiene habits), the presence of fluoride in water and toothpaste we use . Heredity also plays a role in the susceptibility of your teeth to decay. While cavities are generally more common in children, adults are also at risk for it. The types of cavities include:

  • Crown Caries: Are the most common, occurs in both children and adults, and usually develop on the chewing surfaces or between the teeth.
  • Root Caries: In cases where the gums recede parts are exposed tooth root. As the roots are not covered by enamel, these exposed areas easily affected and root caries appear that are difficult to treat.
  • Recurrent Caries: In patients with a tendency to accumulate plaque and good hygiene fail, they can form new decay around existing fillings and crowns.

The adults are particularly at risk for cavities if they suffer from dry mouth, which is a disorder caused by a lack of saliva. This is because some diseases, the use of some drugs, and radiation treatments and chemotherapy. Dry mouth can be temporary or permanent, depending on its origin. Cavities can be serious and if left untreated, can destroy the tooth affecting the nerves inside, which can cause an abscess (an infection in the root end). Once formed an abscess, the only treatment is endodontics (also called root canal treatment) or tooth extraction.

How do I know if I have a cavity?

Only your dentist can tell for sure if you have a cavity. This is because cavities develop below the surface of the tooth where the top cannot see them. When we eat foods containing carbohydrates (sugars and starches), the bacteria in plaque produce acids consume and to destroy the tooth. Over time, the tooth enamel begins to demineralized and thus a cavity is formed.

Cavities are more likely to develop in pits on the chewing surfaces of back teeth, between teeth and near the gum. However, regardless of where they appear, the best way to locate and treat them before they become serious is visiting the dentist and undergo periodic inspections or reviews.

How I can help prevent cavities?

  • Brush your teeth at least twice a day and floss daily to remove plaque from between teeth and under the gumline.
  • Undergo regular dental checkups. Preventive care helps prevent problems from occurring and keep minor problems from becoming major.
  • Eat a balanced diet that limits starchy or sugary foods. When you eat these foods, try to do it with a meal rather than between meals to minimize the number of times exposes your teeth to acid-producing bacteria.
  • Use dental products that contain fluoride.