What is fluoride

It is a natural element found in the earth’s crust and is widely distributed in nature. Some food and water supplies contain fluoride.

Often, fluoride is added to drinking water as a reducing element cavities. In the early 30’s, researchers found that people who drank naturally fluoridated water showed a smaller number of cavities (two thirds) than those living in non-fluoridated water areas. Studies have repeatedly shown that if fluoride is added to the water tanks of the community, the number of cavities in the population decreases. The ADA (American Dental Association), the World Health Organization and the American Medical Association, among others, have recommended the use of fluoride in the water tanks because of its effect against caries.

How to fluoride works

Fluoride prevents against cavities in two ways:

  • It focuses on bones and developing teeth of children and strengthens tooth enamel babies and adults before they erupt.
  • Helps harden tooth enamel adults who have already erupted.

Work on demineralization and remineralizationprocesses that naturally occurs in the mouth.

  • A solution of calcium and phosphorus beneath the tooth surface after eating acids that cause demineralization occur.
  • At other times the exact opposite occurs, saliva helps replenish the calcium and phosphorus to maintain the strength of the teeth. This process is called remineralization. When fluoride is present in remineralization, the deposited minerals are harder and help strengthen your teeth and prevent solution that would occur in the next phase of demineralization.

How do I know if the level of fluoride ingested is enough?

If drinking water in your area is fluoridated, regular brushing with fluoridated toothpaste is enough for children and adults with healthy teeth and low susceptibility to caries.

If your water is not fluoridated community and does not have enough fluoride naturally (the optimal value is one part per million), your dentist or pediatrician prescribe fluoride tablets or drops for children to take daily. Your dentist can tell you the right amount of fluoride to your family, therefore, ask about it and he will advise you.

If your water comes from public deposits, call local authorities to find out if water is fluoridated. If it comes from a private well, call an independent company that provides water testing services and have it analyzed.

What is gingivitis? Signs and symptoms

What is gingivitis?

Gingivitis is inflammation of the gums. It involves the initial stage of gum disease and the easiest to treat. The direct cause of gingivitis is plaque bacteria (transparent, sticky film that constantly forms on the teeth and gums). If not removed daily plaque with brushing and flossing, the bacteria responsible for gingivitis accumulates. These bacteria produce toxins (poisons) that irritate the gum tissue, causing gingivitis.

At this early stage of the disease, the damage can be reversed, since the bone and connective tissue that hold teeth have not yet been affected. However, if left untreated, gingivitis can become periodontitis and cause permanent damage to your teeth and jaw.

How do I know if I have gingivitis?

Classic signs and symptoms of gingivitis include red, swollen, tender gums that may bleed when brushed.

When gingivitis progresses to periodontitis, the gums begin to recede and the teeth removed, giving them an elongated appearance. Then begin to form pockets between teeth and gums, plaque and more aggressive germs and food debris accumulates. Some people may experience recurring bad breath or bad taste even when the disease is not advanced.

How I can prevent gingivitis?

Proper oral hygiene is essential. Professional cleanings are also extremely important because once plaque hardens and accumulates, or become tartar, only a dentist or hygienist can remove it.

You can help stop gingivitis before it develops as follows:

  • Proper brushing and proper flossing to remove plaque, food debris and control tartar buildup
  • Eating right to ensure proper health of your jaw and teeth
  • Avoid snuff
  • Scheduling regular checkups with your dentist

What is good oral hygiene

Good oral hygiene provides a mouth with a healthy appearance and odor. This means that:

  • Your teeth are clean and no food waste
  • The gums have a pink and do not hurt or bleed while brushing or flossing
  • Bad breath is not a constant problem

If your gums hurt or bleed while brushing or flossing, or you are experiencing persistent bad breath, see your dentist. Any of these infections indicate a problem.

Your dentist or hygienist will help develop good oral hygiene techniques and teach you to identify areas that require extra attention during brushing and flossing.

How is practice good oral hygiene?

One of the most important things you can do for your teeth and gums is to maintain good oral hygiene. Healthy teeth not only provide a good look at him and make him feel good, but they allow you to speak and eat properly. Good oral health is important to your overall wellness.

Daily preventive care, including proper brushing and flossing, will help stop problems, and are less painful and less expensive than treatment for an infection that has been allowed to progress.

In between regular visits to the dentist, there are simple steps that each of us can take to greatly reduce the development of cavities, gum disease and other dental problems:

  • Brushing thoroughly and floss at least twice a day
  • Eat a balanced diet and limiting snacks between meals
  • Use dental products that contain fluoride
  • Use fluoride mouthwash if your dentist tells
  • Make sure that your children under 12 drink fluoridated water or if you live in a non-fluoridated water, fluoride supplements adminístreles: ask the Dentist

Proper brushing technique

  • Tilt the brush at a 45 ° angle against the gumline and slide the brush, unidirectionally toward the edge of the tooth: gum-tooth unidirectional movements in all external and internal surfaces of the teeth
  • Brush the chewing surface of each tooth using short back and forth movements and front to back.
  • Gently brush the tongue and inside the cheeks to remove bacteria and freshen breath.

Proper technique for flossing

  • Use about 45 cm (18 “) of floss, leaving 3 to 5 cm (1 to 2”) to work.
  • Gently follow the curves of your teeth. Each time you insert the thread into an interdental space, first apply it to the back surface of the anterior teeth and then to the anterior surface of the posterior teeth.
  • Be sure to clean under the gum line, but avoid snapping the floss against it.


What is gum disease

Gum disease is an inflammation that can progress to affect the bone that surrounds and supports the teeth. It is caused by bacteria in plaque (transparent, sticky film that constantly forms on the teeth and gums). If not removed daily brushing and flossing, plaque builds up and the bacteria infect not only your gums and teeth, but also the sub-gingival tissue and bone that support the teeth. This can be a cause teeth to become loose, fall out or finally the need to remove the dentist.

There are basically three stages of gum disease:

  • Gingivitis is the first stage of the disease. It is an inflammation of the gums caused by plaque buildup on the edge of it, which, not being eliminated by daily brushing and flossing, it produces toxins that irritate the gum tissue, causing gingivitis. It can be seen bleeding during brushing, flossing or even spontaneously. At this early stage of the disease, the damage can be reversed, since the bone and connective tissue that hold teeth in place are not yet affected.
  • Periodontitis: At this stage, the bone and fibers that hold teeth in place suffer irreversible damage. A bag is way below the gumline, where food and plaque get trapped. Proper dental treatment and care in the most careful home usually help prevent further damage.
  • Advanced Periodontitis: In this final stage of the disease, the fibers and bone supporting the teeth are destroyed, which makes the teeth to shift or loosen. The bite can be affected and, if appropriate treatment is not performed, may be that the dentist has to remove the teeth.

How do I know if I have gum disease?

Gum disease can occur at any age but is most common in adults. If detected in its early stages, it can be reversed or slow its development. See your dentist if you notice any of the following symptoms:

  • The gums are red, swollen or tender
  • There bleeding gums when brushing or flossing
  • The teeth appear to be longer because the gums have receded and are the roots
  • Changes in the way your teeth feel close to biting
  • There may be discharge of pus between teeth and gums
  • The presence of bad breath or bad taste is constantly perceived in the mouth

How is gum disease treated?

The early stages of the disease, professional hygiene and strict control board based on proper brushing and flossing control the problem. Good oral health will help prevent recurrence.

A professional cleaning done by a dentist or hygienist is the only way to remove plaque buildup that has hardened into tartar. Your dentist or hygienist will clean your teeth to remove tartar above and below the gum line. If your condition is more severe, you may perform a procedure for root planing. Root planning helps to eliminate irregularities in the tooth roots, preventing plaque deposition.

By scheduling regular reviews, the gum disease in its early stages can be treated before it becomes a more serious disorder. If the disease is already in an advanced state, a more complex need professional treatment.

What is orthodontics

Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry that deals mainly that the teeth are aligned correctly and that the occlusion is adequate. Among its functions are also the guiding tooth eruption and to control the development of the jaws.

It is not simply to have a nice smile. The fact that our teeth are in the correct position contributes to our health more benefits than you think and go beyond aesthetics.

For example, studies show that a large part of a condition that presents in adulthood mouth are derived from an incorrect occlusion and therefore could have been prevented with orthodontic treatment.

In short, the objectives of orthodontic treatment can be summarized into three:

  • Proper dental occlusion and good oral function.
  • Improved aesthetics of the smile.
  • Benefit oral health.

What is plaque

It is a colorless, sticky film composed of proteins in saliva that constantly adhere to our teeth and gums, which are gradually adhering bacteria and sugars. It is the main cause of cavities and gum disease, and can harden, calcified into tartar if not removed daily.

How do I know if I have motherboard?

Everyone plaque because bacteria are constantly being formed in our mouth. To grow and develop, the bacteria use ingredients found in our diet and saliva. The plaque develops cavities when the acids, they attack and destroy the teeth. The repeated acid attacks tooth enamel and cause cavities. Also, if plaque is not removed properly irritate the gums around the teeth and leads to gingivitis (bleeding gums, swollen and red), periodontal disease (disease of the tissues supporting the teeth) and even loss of teeth Dental.

How to prevent the formation of plaque?

With proper care, it is easy to prevent plaque formation. It is important to observe the following precautions:

  • Brush carefully at least twice a day, to remove the plaque attached to the teeth surface.
  • Floss daily to remove plaque from between teeth and under the gumline where a toothbrush cannot reach.
  • Limit sugary or starchy foods, especially sticky foods.
  • Set a schedule for regular dental visits for professional cleanings and dental exams.

What are cavities?

Tooth decay is the destruction of the hard tissues of the teeth. It is caused by the presence of acid produced by bacteria of the plaque deposited on the tooth surfaces. This tooth decay is heavily influenced by lifestyle, ie, influences what we eat, how we take care of the teeth (our hygiene habits), the presence of fluoride in water and toothpaste we use . Heredity also plays a role in the susceptibility of your teeth to decay. While cavities are generally more common in children, adults are also at risk for it. The types of cavities include:

  • Crown Caries: Are the most common, occurs in both children and adults, and usually develop on the chewing surfaces or between the teeth.
  • Root Caries: In cases where the gums recede parts are exposed tooth root. As the roots are not covered by enamel, these exposed areas easily affected and root caries appear that are difficult to treat.
  • Recurrent Caries: In patients with a tendency to accumulate plaque and good hygiene fail, they can form new decay around existing fillings and crowns.

The adults are particularly at risk for cavities if they suffer from dry mouth, which is a disorder caused by a lack of saliva. This is because some diseases, the use of some drugs, and radiation treatments and chemotherapy. Dry mouth can be temporary or permanent, depending on its origin. Cavities can be serious and if left untreated, can destroy the tooth affecting the nerves inside, which can cause an abscess (an infection in the root end). Once formed an abscess, the only treatment is endodontics (also called root canal treatment) or tooth extraction.

How do I know if I have a cavity?

Only your dentist can tell for sure if you have a cavity. This is because cavities develop below the surface of the tooth where the top cannot see them. When we eat foods containing carbohydrates (sugars and starches), the bacteria in plaque produce acids consume and to destroy the tooth. Over time, the tooth enamel begins to demineralized and thus a cavity is formed.

Cavities are more likely to develop in pits on the chewing surfaces of back teeth, between teeth and near the gum. However, regardless of where they appear, the best way to locate and treat them before they become serious is visiting the dentist and undergo periodic inspections or reviews.

How I can help prevent cavities?

  • Brush your teeth at least twice a day and floss daily to remove plaque from between teeth and under the gumline.
  • Undergo regular dental checkups. Preventive care helps prevent problems from occurring and keep minor problems from becoming major.
  • Eat a balanced diet that limits starchy or sugary foods. When you eat these foods, try to do it with a meal rather than between meals to minimize the number of times exposes your teeth to acid-producing bacteria.
  • Use dental products that contain fluoride.

What is plaque and how it arises

Do know that good oral health can prevent various diseases in the body? Studies from Harvard University and other research reveal that in the mouth inhabit diverse communities of bacteria, viruses and other microorganisms. The balance between beneficial microbes to the pathogenic organism varies according to the state of health of the person.

Good oral hygiene helps to control the growth of these bacteria and helps reduce the risk of them passing into the bloodstream and affect other parts of the body, thus increasing the risk of cardiovascular disease, among others.

For this reason, it is extremely important to maintain excellent oral care to maintain overall health.

We start with the basics, one of the main enemies of our oral health is dental plaque, so we should remove to prevent caries, among other dental problems.

According to several reports from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention of the United States (CDC), more than 19% of American children between two and nineteen years of age have untreated cavities.

The plate is a transparent layer of bacteria that forms on the surface of the teeth, between them and in the gums. Is formed very quickly because bacteria are constantly in our mouth and use waste from our diet and saliva to grow and develop.

Good oral hygiene is the solution to prevent their formation and greater problems in the medium and long term.

We should note that the plaque is not removed with just water and that good oral hygiene habits keep us free from it preventing tooth decay and other oral problems.

Here are several basic care to have excellent oral health.

  1. Brush your teeth three times a day or after every meal.
  2. Make sure that you use toothpaste containing fluoride.
  3. Thread or floss used after eating food.
  4. We strongly recommend the use of mouthwash two or three times a day after each brushing.
  5. Visit your dentist regularly. The frequency will depend on the individual needs of each person.
  6. Try to eat foods and beverages low in sugar

What is tartar? How is generated and ways to avoid

Tartar or calculus is hardened plaque on the teeth surface, distinguished by their yellow or brown.

Tartar buildup varies depending on the person, their eating habits and routine oral care it takes. It is believed that this accumulation increases with age and is considered one of the causes of bad breath. Not prevent the formation of plaque causes gum irritation, which is the following step gum problems. Also, if this problem is not treated can trigger tooth loss.

How is it generated?

After eating, food residues remain in the mouth (especially those rich in carbohydrates that adhere more easily to enamel) with millions of bacteria, forming plaque. And when we fail to remove in time, it hardens creating tartar or calculus. Brushing alone does not eliminate it and that is why we opt for a professional cleaning.

How to avoid it?

The most effective way to prevent tartar buildup is removing plaque. It is ideal brushing three times daily, or as directed by the dentist, using a toothpaste with antibacterial agents that help prevent buildup and flossing after every meal.

Do not forget to visit your dentist at least twice a year, and once formed tartar can only be removed through a professional cleaning.

What is temporomandibular disorder (TMJ)

What is TMJ?

The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is the hinge that connects the upper and lower jaw. When this joint has problems or does not work correctly say that there are alterations in the ATM.

This hinge is one of the most complex joints in the body, is responsible for moving the lower jaw forward, back and both sides. All problems that impede the normal work of this complex system of muscles, ligaments, discs and bones, are grouped under the name of TMJ. Often, TMJ clinically like your jaw is popping, cliquier or “jam” for a few seconds. Often, it is impossible to determine the exact cause of this misalignment.

What are the symptoms of TMJ?

Alterations in ATM exhibit various symptoms and signs. It is difficult to know if one suffers from TMJ disorders or not, because its symptoms are also indicators of other problems. Your dentist will make a proper diagnosis by taking a complete medical and dental history, clinical examination and taking appropriate radiography. Symptoms of impaired ATM most common are:

  • Headaches (often mimicking migraines), earaches, and pain and pressure behind the eyes.
  • A click-to open or close the mouth.
  • Pain brought on by yawning, opening the mouth widely or chewing
  • Jaws that “get stuck,” lock or go out of the place.
  • Tenderness of the jaw muscles.
  • A sudden change in the way the upper and lower teeth fit each other.

How is TMJ treated?

While there is no one single cure for TMJ, there are different treatments that reduce symptoms continue significantly. Your dentist may recommend one or more of the following suggestions:

  • Trying to eliminate muscle spasm and pain by applying moist heat or taking aspirin or other pain relievers or counter anti-inflammatory.
  • Use a bite plate to reduce the harmful effects of clenching and chinaware. Tailor-made for your mouth, plaque is placed on the upper teeth and keeps them from grinding the upper teeth against the lower.
  • Learn relaxation techniques to help control muscle tension in the jaw. Your dentist may suggest consultation with a specialist to eliminate stress.
  • When the jaw joints are affected and other treatments have failed to resolve the conflict, surgery is recommended.

What is tooth sensitivity?

“It’s a short, sharp, transient pain, which comes from the exposed dentin; that occurs in response to thermal, tactile, chemical or osmotic “stimuli.

The dentin is exposed either by wear of tooth surface or gum tissue and root exposure. How are you roots are not covered by enamel, thousands of tiny tubules that go to the tooth’s nerve center (pulp) are exposed. When heat, cold or pressure touches these channels, you feel pain.

Ignoring your sensitive teeth can lead to other oral problems (e.g., toothbrushing worse and therefore increased cavities and gum disease).

How do I know if I have sensitive teeth?

If you ever felt a painful sensation in your teeth after eating or drinking hot or cold foods or drinks, that means you have had sensitive teeth. This is usually a common situation as one in four adults in the United States suffer from this condition often comes and goes at different times of life.

How to treat sensitive teeth?

First and most important is that you discuss with your dentist or hygienist. Sensitive teeth can usually be treated successfully. Your dentist will prescribe a gel or a fluoride rinse. Try using toothpastes specially formulated for sensitive teeth. Ask your dentist for sensitive teeth which product is right for you.

Be sure to brush your teeth properly, because otherwise you can wear away, making them more sensitive. An Overzealous brushing, an ill-fitting partial dentures, orthodontic treatment may cause tooth abrasion.