What is gingivitis?
Gingivitis is the inflammation of the gums, due to the presence of bacteria may bleed sensitivity and discomfort appears. Usually the bleeding is higher in brushing, and is a sign that something is wrong in oral health. Proper hygiene and proper treatment can control it, but you will definitely need to see a cosmetic dentist or periodontist, to prevent the problem from getting worse. If gingivitis is not treated may appear periodontitis, a chronic disease that must be treated and checked regularly, as in advanced cases it can produce tooth loss and bone desorption. This is a disease that affects many people, and that can be contagious. It is important to identify the symptoms and into the hands of a good professional to design the appropriate treatment.
During his visit to the dentist, the specialist will check the condition of the gums and the depth of space between the tooth and gum. Also check if there is presence of tartar (usually associated with inflammation of the gums) whose location could be of two types:
- Supragingival, when it is above the gum line
- Infragingival, when it is below the gum line
The second is more dangerous because it looks and plaque spreads faster. Hence the importance of a proper diagnosis and appropriate treatment, for a simple dental cleaning not reach this area of the mouth and let the site of infection to roam.
To remove tartar is necessary to use professional techniques to remove it without damaging the enamel. When tartar below the gum removal is difficult and in some cases it is necessary to perform a dental curettage. Sometimes may require the use of anesthesia, if you need to access a deep zone because it can become painful for the patient.
How to prevent gingivitis?
Proper oral hygiene three times daily is essential to prevent gingivitis and other dental diseases. Ideally, complete with floss and mouthwash rinse or inappropriate.
Another requirement is to go to the dentist once a year to do a review and a complete oral hygiene, which is also essential. Plaque to accumulate deficit hygiene hardens, becoming tartar, and then only a professional can remove it.
Certain foods, snuff, certain medications and other causes inherent in each patient are factors that favor the accumulation of tartar, and also damage our gums. Hence the importance of a visit to the dentist at least once a year.